Pablo Picasso, who was a Spanish painter, draftsman, and sculptor, is one of the more eminent figures of the 20th-century art. A variety in the styles of art characterized this great artist. Picasso grew up to be a world famous figure with his natural talent in art since childhood.
Pablo Picasso was born on October 25, 1881, in the city of Malaga in Spain, to Done Jose Ruiz y Blasco and Maria Picasso y Lopez. Pablo Picasso came from a middle class family. His father was a painter and served as a teacher of art in the School of Crafts as also a museum curator.
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Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain and showed an extraordinary artistic talent in his early years. He was born into a middle class family and his father was a painter specializing in nature painting of birds and animals. Picasso’s father was likewise professor of art at the School of Crafts and a curator of a local museum in Malaga. At age seven Picasso began receiving formal artistic training from his father in figure drawing and oil painting. Picasso’s father reallized his son had surpassed him in artistic talent by the time Picasso was an adolescent.
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Around this time, 1895, the Picasso family moved to Barcelona where his father became a professor at its School of Fine Arts. Pablo Picasso thrived at this school and even won a position in the advanced painting class at the minimum age of thirteen. At age sixteen, Picasso’s father sent him to the Royal Academy of San Fernando in Madrid, Spain’s finest art school. Picasso disliked formal instruction and stopped attending classes. He hung out at the Prado Museum in Madrid and self-taught himself from the paintings of Diego Valazquez, Francisco Zubaran, and Francisco Goya. Picasso especially liked the paintings of El Greco and the elongated limbs and figures, vibrant colors, and mystical visages and this showed up in his later works.
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In 1900, Picasso went to Paris to live because at the time Paris was the art capital of Europe and young and up-coming artists were living and painting there. Picasso divided his time between Paris and Barcelona before finally settling in Paris as his home during the dawn of the century. In 1905, Picasso met Leo and Gertrude Stein and he became one of ther favorites. They collected his works and they became Picasso’s patron of arts. Gertrude exhibited his paintings in her " ;salon" at her home in Paris and she helped to get Picasso started as an accepted artist in Paris. Picasso lived and worked in Montmartre and Montparnasse quarters of Paris, and frequented restaurants, the cafes, and art salons of the area. Picasso was married twice and had many love affairs and lovers until his seventies during his life in Paris. He had four children by three different women.
According to his mother, his first words were ‘piz piz’. This meant pencil in Spanish. This shows his inborn liking for painting. Picasso’s father trained him in figure drawing and oil painting since an early age.
Once it so happened that Ruiz found his son Picasso, painting over his unfinished drawing. Ruiz thought that his son had surpassed him in painting, on observing the fineness in sketching. From his childhood years, Picasso exhibited a flair for art.
In 1900, Picasso toured to Paris to meet a journalist, Max Jacob, and a painter. They soon became friends and began staying together. They faced the difficult times together. In the following year, Picasso began to illustrate for a journal Arte Joven.
In 1904, Picasso met Fernande Olivier, a Bohemian artist. She later became his mistress. Pablo Picasso was married thrice and was a father of four children. Gilot, one of Picasso’s women, left him in 1953, blaming him of abusive treatment. This incident had a negative effect on Picasso’s life. He began to think of himself as an unattractive old man and portrayed these feelings in a large number of his works of those times.
Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga, mainland Spain. Pablo Picasso was a child prodigy, by the minimum age of fourteen his technical skill was incredible. In 1895, his father became an art teacher at the Academy of Fine Art in La Coru?a. Picasso was entered into the advanced classes quickly. He completed the entrance examination. This took most at least a month, in one day. Two years later, he began to study at the Madrid Academy. Picasso left soon after, disgruntled, and returned home. Picasso shifted between Paris and La Coru?a between 1900 and 1904. After four years of moving back and forth, Picasso finally made his home in Paris. This would be where he would live and work for much of his life.
During World War II, Picasso who resided in Paris then was banned from exhibiting his art as his art forms didn’t confirm to the Nazi views on art. He believed in neutrality and stood by it during both the World Wars and the Spanish Civil War. In 1944, he joined the French Communist Party but soon lost interest in the Communist ideology and parted ways with it. In 1962, he was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize.
Pablo Picasso held high regard for the works of El Greco and such other senior artists. His father was his first teacher. The art of Pablo Picasso can be divided into periods namely the Blue Period lasting from 1901 to 1904, the Rose Period between 1905 and 1907, the African-influenced Period of the years 1908 and 1909 and the synthetic Cubism continuing from 1912 to 1919. His artistic career can be stated to have commenced from the year 1894. ‘ The First Communion’ and the’ Portrait of Aunt Pepa’ are certain of his famous paintings done before 1901.
Paintings rendered in shades of blue and green characterize the Blue Period of Pablo Picasso’s works. A stark use of color, gloom and blindness were some of the functions of Picasso’s paintings of the Blue period. The Rose Period bore paintings rendered in cheerful colors like pink and orange. Many of his paintings of the Rose period depicted his warm relationship with Fernande Olivier. Picasso’s paintings of the African-influenced period show an influence of the African artifacts. Cubism reflects the use of monochrome brownish and neutral colors.
From 1900 to around 1907, Picasso went through his Blue and Rose Periods of painting. His paintings were somber and in shades of blue and blue-green during his Blue Period. He depicted gaunt mothers with children, prostitutes and beggars. La Vie (1903) is a painting that is a good illustration of Picasso’s Blue Period and today hangs in The Cleveland Museum of Art.
Picasso’s Rose Period is a more cheery style with orange and pink colors. He paints many circus people, acrobats and harlequins. During this time, Fernande Olivier, a model for sculptors and artists, was Picasso’s lover at the time and his paintings were influenced by his warm relationship with her. His paintings of this time were very cheerful and optimistic.
Guernica (1937) by Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso, a Spanish artist, was a brillant genius who painted during the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century and is credited with creating and painting in the Cubism period of modern art. But,…
Many consider the depiction of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War, known as Guernica, as being Picasso’s most famous work. Many look at it as a depiction on the brutality and inhumanity of the war. Guernica was a part of the compilation of the Museum of Modern Art in New York, for many years.
In 1949, 3rd Sculpture International was held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Pablo Picasso was one of the 250 sculptors to participate in this great event. Picasso started depicting interpretations of some great works of art soon after. He produced reinterpretations of the works of some of the major artists. He got the chance to make a scale model also known as maquette for a 15-meter high public sculpture. This was to be built in Chicago. The sculpture is quite abstract and in its abstractness, lies its appeal. This sculpture is known as’ Chicago Picasso’ and is among the most famous works of the city. Pablo Picasso generously donated this work to the folks of the city.
The Museu Picasso in Barcelona holds much of the artistic works of Picasso. It hosts a set of several works of his. These represent his classical techniques. Many of Picasso’s paintings find a seat in the list of the more expensive paintings in the world.
Pablo Picasso, a great painter and sculptor that he was, has left behind a tradition of some great works of art. His works are a matter of inspiration for many upcoming artists and a matter of admiration for all the lovers of art.